Vietnam’s National Assembly is considering a revised penal code and code of criminal procedure at its current session, which will close on November 28.
HRW VN 2559

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Article 108 (originally article 78) – ­ High treason

1. Any Vietnamese citizen acting in collusion with a foreign country with a view to causing harm to the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the Fatherland, the national defense forces, the socialist regime or the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam shall be sentenced to between 12 and 20 years of imprisonment, life imprisonment or capital punishment.
2. In the event of many extenuating circumstances, the offenders shall be subject to between 7 and 15 years of imprisonment.
3. The person takes action in preparation of committing this crime shall be subject to between 1 and 5 years of imprisonment. [NEW]